Browsing Tag


Farmers March for Land, Aid, and Justice

October 22, ILOILO Farmers held protest actions across the country last October 21 to voice out their call for land, aid and justice.

Together with progressive organizations led by the Kilusang Magbubukid ng PIlipinas (KMP), the protest action is the culmination of the group’s October Peasant Month campaign. The protest action also commemorates the signing of Presidential Decree 27 or the land reform program of former Ferdinand Marcos.

According to Danilo Ramos, the chairperson of the KMP, PD 27 and subsequent agrarian reform programs have failed to destroy monopoly on land that has pushed farmers into extreme poverty.

According to KMP’s data, the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program does not cover various lands especially those with 8% slope. The group added that the total 5.4 million hectares covered by CARP is only 44% of the total 12.4 million hectares of arable land. As of August 2021 alone, there were only a total of 2.9 million CARP beneficiaries and did not include the nearly 10.75 million farmers registered on various agrarian reform lists of the government.

Farmers from Bulacan, Pampanga and Nueva Ecija are demanding that agricultural lands, especially paddy fields, be protected against land use conversion. According to the KMP, Central Luzon, the country’s rice granary has become the hotspot for land conversions.

Farmers also called for a Php 15,000 production subsidy. According to PAMANGGAS, the pandemic has worsened their situation but they have not received adequate support from the government. The P5,000 cash assistance provided by the DA to the farmers is selective and not enough to address the production losses of the farmers.

Amihan, meanwhile, challenged those running for the presidency to address the farmers’ demands for land, aid and justice. The group challenges the candidates for presidency to lay concrete platforms that will address the decades-old call for genuine land reform, support services and production subsidies, and justice for all the victims of human rights violations.

The protest and call were joined by farmers from the National Capital Region, Central Luzon, Southern Tagalog, Cebu, Negros Occidental, Panay and other parts of the country./PT


Youth activist Alicia Lucena narrated her experience of being maltreated for 4 months after she was forcibly taken and imprisoned in their house in Pasay, Metro Manila. Alicia is a member of Anakbayan and is 20 years of age.

It was in April of this year when Francis and Relissa Lucena kidnapped Alicia, their own child, with the help of the NTF-ELCAC through a “random swab testing” that was made in their barangay. Alicia was accompanied then by Sofia Bangayan, a fellow activist, who also did not expect it to be an operation where they were taken by their captors.

Last August 16, Alicia escaped from her captors. She narrated her experiences via Facebook Live where she said that she was carried to the car like a sack of rice. Furthermore, Alicia narrated that she was held captive in the fourth floor of their house where the room was painted white and had the words, “Solitary Confinement” written on it. She was prohibited from using her cellphone, talking to her siblings, watching TV, or reading books.

According to Alicia, she ran away from her home multiple times due to the inhumane treatment that she has experienced at the hands of her own family. Relissa Lucena, Alicia’s mother, happens to be a member of Yakap ng Magulang, Hands Off Our Children, and League of Parents of the Philippines, state-funded organizations that are under the NTF-ELCAC.

In 2019, the PNP and the NTF-ELCAC claimed that Anakbayan kidnapped Alicia yet the justice department junked said claim.

Anakbayan Panay strongly condemned the barbaric acts of abuse that the state committed against Alicia Lucena. They also added that Duterte’s administration is too calloused to care about the number of killings and human rights violations and should be made accountable to his crimes against the people.



8 Dumagat farmers were illegally arrested by up to 30 police forces last August 15 in Barangay Puray, Rodriguez, Rizal. The group Karapatan immediately called their arrest illegal and a part of the Duterte administration’s crackdown against the people.

On the same day, at around 2:34PM, 30 armed police and military personnel were also seen in Kasiglahan Village, Rodriguez, Rizal. Kasiglahan Village was the target of coordinated police and military surveillance since the start of the pandemic.

Several residents of said village are members of the San Isidro Kasiglahan, Kapatiran, at Damayan para sa Kabuhayan, Katarungan, at Kapayapaan (SIKKAD K3), who have been the target of red-tagging by state forces. Four members of the group were also victims of the Bloody Sunday Massacre that happened last March 17 of this year. Two (2) days after said massacre, military men conducted a house-to-house operation in the area.

Since the start of the pandemic, Southern Tagalog has been the target of multiple crackdowns and extrajudicial killings. Last November 2020, a consultant of the National Democratic Front of the Philippines was murdered along with couple Eugenia Magpantay and Agaton Topica in their home in Angono Rizal. Few weeks after, the military massacred 5 farmers in Baras, Rizal. Last March 7, of this year, the Bloody Sunday Massacre occurred, which resulted to the killing of 9 activists. Last May 6, 2 more activists were also illegally arrested and faced trumped-up charges. /PT

The worst “Tigkiriwi” Season

“The country now has over P11 trillion in debt yet the pandemic response remains a failure.”

The worst “Tigkiriwi” Season.

Lean Season, or Tagkiriwi in Hiligaynon, runs from June to September of every year. At this time, crop production is very scarce, which leads to poor harvest. It is further worsened by typhoons, southwest monsoon, and/or low pressure. In effect it causes worsened hunger especially amongst the most vulnerable sectors who rely heavily on agriculture for sustenance – farmers, farm workers, fisherfolks, and all who are suffering poverty in the urban and rural areas.

Just recently, the northern portion of Iloilo was severely affected by the strong southwest monsoon winds that destroyed the fisherfolks’ fish pens (tangkal). The bad weather condition has caused further trouble for the fisherfolks as it prevented them from going to the deep sea for their livelihood. This has been going on for over a month now and has worsened the conditions of hunger in said fisherfolk communities.

According to PAMALAKAYA, a group of small-scale fisherfolks in Northern Iloilo, over 30 fish pens were destroyed by the strong winds and heavy rains in Barotac Viejo alone. Not to mention the damages that other towns may have also experienced.

With the worsening conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic, citizens strengthen their demand for financial aid instead of imposing lockdowns, restrictions, and implementing militaritistic methods that are of no help and only prove to violate the human rights of the community.

“This year’s Tigkiriwi Season may not end this September, as what we are usually experiencing in the past years,” said Anakpawis Partylist Panay Regional Coordinator, Cris Chavez. “Delayed in the planting of crops due to dry season and the inadequate rainfall across Panay Island, extends Tigkiriwi up until October or November,” Chavez added.

Chavez also said that Tigkiriwi is further worsened by the expensive production cost, and that the prices of the palay or unhusked rice remain very low due to the Rice Liberalization Law, while the rice itself remains expensive at Php 35-36 per kilo.

Meanwhile, farm workers are also suffering as the cost of labor remains cheap at Php 250 per day. Moreover, due to pandemic, farm workers were not able to find alternative sources of income.

“Fisherfolks, on the other hand, are not only suffering from the bad weather conditions. Fisheries laws like the 3-month fish ban and the reclamation and conversion of coastal areas for ecotourism, fish sanctuaries, and so on, limit small-scale fisherfolks from fishing freely for their livelihood,” Chavez said.

Last July of this year, PAMANGGAS conducted a dialogue with DSWD and DA, where they brought up the demands of the fisherfolks, farmers, and farm workers for financial aid and assistance for production. However, the group was told that the DSWD will not give the farmers said assistance as they are under the jurisdiction of the agriculture department. Just like the social welfare department, the DA refused to receive or acknowledge the petition of the group, and were told to go through proper channels or through the LGUs.

“According to the DA, they do not provide cash assistance as they only provide loans through SureAid program of the Rice Tariffication Law,” said PAMANGGAS. Each qualified farmer can loan up to P25,000, which they can pay in 10 years without interest, as long as the farmer is registered at the Registry Systems for Basic Sectors in Agriculture (RSBSA).

“The global pandemic is a calamitous event where there is no need for the government to declare lockdowns or ECQ for them to distribute financial aid,” said Chavez. “The government has enough budget to cover aid and subsidy for its citizens, where the Php 1,000 to Php 4,000 worth of Special Assistance to Individuals in Crisis or AICS, could have been increased as the said amount is insufficient considering that the citizens suffered from lockdown for months now”, Chavez added.

“The country now has over P11 trillion in debt yet the pandemic response remains a failure,” said Chavez.

PAMANGGAS, together with Anakpawis Panay, on the other hand, said that they will continue to launch dialogues and petitions to urge the government agencies to heed their demands for the farmers, fisherfolks, and farm workers who suffer from the pandemic and the worst Tigkiriwi Season. /PT


SOUTHERN ILOILO – Bombs were planted while phones, bolos, and money were stolen from the farmers of Sitio Anoy, Cabalaunan, Miagao, Iloilo after their houses were ransacked by the 61st Infantry Battalion of the Philippine Army following an alleged encounter last August 1 in the boundary between Miagao town and Antique province.

The houses were owned by Jesus Fariolan Sr., Emelyn Fare, and Joemarie Pamintahon who are all residents of Cabalaunan, Miagao, Iloilo.

According to a report received by PAMANGGAS, the farmers were busy in their fields when they heard several gunshots at around 11 o’clock in the morning of August 1. After hearing the sound, the farmers immediately went to the nearby barrio for safety. The next day, the farmers returned to their fields and it was then that they saw that their houses are being ransacked by the military forces. Moreover, farmers report that their possessions, including the money intended for their production and farming tools, are being taken.

According to the farmers, one of the houses were also planted with 2 bombs. They also received threats from the military forces that they will be sued if they will complain about it.

PAMANGGAS deeply condemns this act as yet another one in a series of human rights violations perpetrated by the state forces against farmers and civilians.

“The military’s act of ransacking the farmers’ homes and stealing their possessions is a manifestation of their criminal and terrorist tendencies. This act is just an addition to the long list of human rights violations committed by the military against civilians. Last 2020, in the same sitio, the military murdered John Farochilin, a known farmer-leader in the area. This year, they continue to threaten and force farmers and civilians to act as fake surrenderees,” said Lucia Capaducio of PAMANGGAS.

PAMANGGAS urges the community to report these cases of harassment and violations perpetrated by the state forces. Moreover, they also urge the barangay and local officials to stand and fight for the rights of the people in their community. The group also calls for the military to leave the countryside for the safety of farmers and residents./PT

Farmer-Scientist Organization Condemns Golden Rice Commercial Propagation, Calls on Farmers and Consumers to Protest

MASIPAG – Farmer-scientist organization Magsasaka at Siyentipiko Para sa Pag-unlad ng Agrikultura (MASIPAG) vehemently condemns the railroaded decision by the Department of Agriculture to commercially propagate Golden Rice and calls on small farmers and consumers across the country to mount protest against the said decision.
Not less than a year from the 60-day public comment period launched by the Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice) to collate necessary feedback from the public, Department of Agriculture- Bureau of Plant Industry Director George Culaste hastily approved the permit for Golden Rice’ commercial propagation last July 21, 2021. With its magnitude and relevance to public interest, networks such as the Stop Golden Rice! Network Philippines (SGRN) highlighted the lack of independent, comprehensive, and substantial risk and impact assessments of the approval process and also the overall lack of transparency of GR’s proponents regarding its findings and reports.
Under the Joint Department Circular 1 of 2016 of the Department of Agriculture for the adoption of GM crops, application for the commercial propagation of Golden Rice must be assessed, reviewed, and approved by the Department of Science and Technology, Department of Agriculture, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Department of Health, and Department of Interior and Local Government. However, under different queries made by SGRN, no substantial review process and independent risk assessments to health, cultural and socio economic impact was made under the Joint Department Circular’s process.
MASIPAG asserts that there is no need for Golden Rice, more so, in the pandemic situation, maintains that malnutrition is primarily caused by lack of access to sufficient, nutritious and safe food due to poverty, inaccessibility, and the changing food production and consumption patterns as supported by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation’s report, State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World.  MASIPAG highlights that the promotion of a single-crop diet, as a band-aid solution to Vitamin A Deficiency (VAD), will follow the Green Revolution’s legacy of dominant crops destroying diet diversity and the destruction of farmlands due to extensive chemical inputs and monocropping. Golden Rice would also hasten the shift of farmers control of seeds to huge transnational corporations which to date are earning billions of dollars on the privatization of seeds.
Condemning the approval, MASIPAG National Coordinator Cris Panerio notes, “the billions spent on the Golden Rice project would have been put into better use if it was utilized for genuine support to diverse local production of food. It seems that the hasty approval of the Golden Rice commercial propagation permit is in tandem with the general trend of fast tracked approval and launching of different GM projects and researches being pushed by huge transnational corporations and philanthrocapitalists such as multi-billionaire Bill Gates who are behind the push for further corporatization of the global food systems.
It is very disturbing, with the incoming UN Food Systems Summit, corporate interest attempts to dominate our farmlands and plates with profit-oriented produce. And small farmers, the urban poor, the women and children are bearing the brunt of the problem. We call on Dept of Agriculture Secretary William Dar to immediately junk the decision of the DA-BPI and heed the call of the small farmers and consumers. Time and again we are reminding the DA that rice is the country’s staple crop. Genetically modifying our staple food would put the health, food security and livelihoods of our farmers  at grave  risk. There is no gold in golden rice” he adds.
On Monday, small farmers, consumers and sectoral groups will hold protest actions against the UNFSS which will start its three day pre-conference sessions on July 27, 2021 in Rome, Italy.##


ILOILO – Nagakabalaka subong sang ila kahubi ang pamilya Saul matapos gindeployan sang armado nga mga gwardiya sang Lumina Homes ang ila lugar kag pilit sila ginapahalin sa ila lupa.

Suno kay Juanito Saul, tuig 1976 sang ginhatag sa iya amay nga si Tay Melecio Saul ang 3.6 ektaryas nga lupa paagi sa Presidential Decree 27. Apang temprano pa nagtaliwan si Tay Melecio kag iya tiayon. Nagburulagay ang mga mag-ulutod kag ang mga kaparyentehan na nila ang nagtalauma sang duta.

Sini nga tuig, ginpadayon uma sang kabataan ni Tay Melecio ang ila duta matapos makuha man ang papeles sa DAR nga nagapabilin sa ila ang duta.

Apang wala ini nagustuhan sang Lumina Homes nga nagpatindog na sang model home, gym, dalan kag bubon nga ginakuhaan sang sorsa sang tubig para sa mga balay sang subdivision.

Subong, pilit ginapahalin sang kompanya sang Lumina Homes nga isa sa mga real estate nga ginapanag-iyahan sang pamilya Villar nga matunog subong sa pagconvert sang mga palayan sa subdivision.

Gindeployan sang kapin 80 ka mga armado nga gwardiya ang palibot kag sulod sang duta sang mga Saul kag dako subong ang ila pagkahangawa sa ila kabuhi./PT


ILOILO CITY – Last February 17, 2020 60 farmers held a picket- dialogue with local officials of Janiuay asserting their right to till their land. The farmers came from the barangays of Atimonan, Aglubong, Panuran and Barasolan all under Janiuay.

The picket – dialogue was the farmers’ response to the Local Government Unit (LGU) and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) plan to put an end to the traditional farming practice of kaingin in the said Barangays to make way for their project, the National Greening Program (NGP).

The farmers, meanwhile, were able to have a dialogue with the District Committee on Natural and Environmental  Resources of Januiay along with the Provincial Environment and Natural Resources Office (PENRO) and the Municipal Environment and Natural Resources Office (MENRO).

The dialogue ended with the said committee still did not grant the farmers their wish to continue kaingin.

According to “Tatay Rogelio”, one of the farmers affected, they have already been carrying out kaingin for more than 20 years and that it has been their main source of livelihood.

He added, that due to the governments prohibition on Kaingin, his family will now go hungry and his children will not be able to go to school anymore.

According to Chris Chavez of PAMANGGAS, the LGU and DENRO are denying the farmers their livelihood and sources of food without any offer of an alternative.

Furthermore, Chavez added, that for a long time, the farmers  were performing kaingin in the mountains of Januiay and no other alternative system of farming was taught to them. But not since there is a big project involved, these farmers will just suddenly be denied their livelihood.

Moreover he added that the livelihood promoted by the DENR and the LGU through the NGP is presently useless and that it cannot feed the farmers and their families.

The National Greening Program of the DENR for the reforestation of the town of Januiay is funded by Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)./PT

Study on Monsanto’s herbicide Glyphosate persistence in GM corn farming community in Capiz presented

Iloilo City – Farmer scientist group MASIPAG today have raised alarm over findings on the presence and persistence of Glyphosate in a GM corn farming community in Guinbialan, a small village in the town of Maayon, Capiz. Glyphosate, the world’s best selling herbicide, has been used extensively to suppress or destroy unwanted weeds and is used in tandem with herbicide-tolerant GM corn such as Roundup Ready (RR) Corn by Monsanto. According to the 2012 study by MASIPAG, Glyphosate usage in the country amounts to almost 5.3 million liters in one season of GM corn farming in 2011 alone. Glyphosate is also widely-used among major crops such as rice, corn and plantation crops such as sugarcane, palm oil, banana, pineapples, coffee, rubber and also cash crops such as vegetables. The Philippines Fertilizers and Pesticides Authority (FPA) lists more than 70 glyphosate products marketed in the country.

In 2015, however, the World Health Organization’s (WHO) International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified the weed-killer as “probably carcinogenic to humans.” This pronouncement came at the heels of the various studies that were conducted whose results point to the negative effects of glyphosate. In 2018, Bayer (who now owns Monsanto after the historic merging in 2017) has been sued by victims of glyphosate. In August 2018, the San Francisco Superior Court jurors ruled in favour of Dewayne Johnson, a 42-year-old school groundskeeper suffering from Non-Hodgkin lymphoma. According to the Environmental Working Group, more than 13,000 similar lawsuits have been filed against Bayer.

Study results

These information prompted farmer scientist group MASIPAG to study the presence and persistence of Glyphosate among GM corn farming communities, with Brgy. Guinbialan as focus study area. Farmers in Guinbialan have been using RR corn for more than 10 years, making them one of the earlier adopters of the technology. Initial documentation on the effects of the use of GM corn and glyphosate indicates that there are indeed alarming health and environmental effects. There has been no post-release monitoring conducted by the Dept. of Agriculture or other relevant agencies to date, to sufficiently investigate the impacts of GM corn.

Water, soil and corn kernels were taken from different sites in the community prior, during and post planting and harvesting of GM herbicide-tolerant corn. Glyphosate residues were also tested in the human urine samples during the first sampling. Three farmers volunteered and signed the free and prior informed consent (FPIC) before the obtaining their urine samples. On the course of the sampling process community representatives were involved from collecting the samples to the actual sampling, to engage the community in generating data thru citizen science research.

Of the three tests done in water and soil samples using the Abraxis Glyphosate strip test*, all resulted positive on the presence of Glyphosate. Glyphosate presence was detected among harvested and fresh corn kernel samples. Glyphosate was also detected among urine samples of three farmers.

Farmers, sectors call banning of Glyphosate and make Monsanto-Bayer accountable

The glyphosate strip test is simply meant to detect the presence of glyphosate in the soil and water. However, due to the ill effects associated with Glyphosate, the confirmation of the presence of the herbicide in soil, water, urine and corn kernels exposes the community to possible problems and should be of serious concern. Environmental scientist Dr Chito Medina, who led the said tests, shared about the potential effects of the persistence of Glyphosate in the environment. “Glyphosate presence can affect the soil ecosystem, such as microbial balance and the uptake of important nutrients needed by crops. Studies also show that it takes about four up to 180 days before Glyphosate degrades. As such, Glyphosate presence can be seen in the whole cropping season. Glyphosate presence in water samples indicate contamination of water sources used by the community for drinking and everyday use” said Medina.

“The use of glyphosate formulations was found to induce DNA damage and has been associated with increased risk of cancer especially non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, neurobehavioral disorders in children and birth defects and other diseases” said Dr Romeo Quijano, a UP Manila College of Medicine retired professor specializing in toxicology and chairperson of the Pesticide Action Network Asia Pacific. Dr Quijano furthered that “Glyphosate is included in Pesticide Action Network‘s (PAN) List of Highly Hazardous Pesticides targeted for global phase-out. The PAN monographs detail glyphosate’s adverse effects on humans, ecosystem functioning, pollination services, biological controls, soil fertility and crop health. PAN has strongly urged governments to adopt agroecological approaches to pest/weed management”.

Jennifer Guste, researcher of IBON foundation pointed out the influence of huge corporations on agricultural policies and plans. “Corporate domination of agriculture leaves farmers with few choices and high costs of inputs. The integration and monopoly of corporations, such as Monsanto-Bayer, aggravates the whole chain of food production, from seeds and raw materials to the market. The influence of these wealthy corporations makes them almost invincible to liability and redress, and thus must be countered”.

Farmers and sectors present are urging the local government and the relevant government agencies, particularly the Bureau of Plant Industry and the Dept. of Agriculture, Dept. of Environment and Natural Resources and the Dept of Health to conduct systematic studies of health and environmental impacts on glyphosate-using farming communities. Local government units and the DA are also called to support farmers to convert to alternative agricultural systems, providing production support for those who are shifting to non-GM corn farming, including providing non-GM corn seeds and promotion of diversified farming.

“We are calling the government to ban Glyphosate, and with it the use of herbicide-tolerant GM corn. Monsanto-Bayer, the producers of Glyphosate should likewise answer to the people who were affected by their product” said Cristino Panerio, National Coordinator of MASIPAG. “The government should enact stringent liability and redress mechanisms to exact responsibility and accountability from the herbicide producers, including just compensation mechanism for the glyphosate-affected farmers and communities” added Panerio./PT

Commemoration of the 33rd year of the Mendiola Massacre

“Justice for the victims of the fascist state! Forward genuine agrarian reform now!”, farmers shout as they conduct a mass movement last January 22 to commemorate the 33rd year of the Mendiola Massacre.

Mendiola Massacre happened on January 22, 1987 where state forces gunned down protesters who were calling to forward a genuine and comprehensive land reform during the administration of Cory Aquino. This caused the death of 13 farmers and more than 50 injuries among the protesters.

A statement by Paghugpong sang mga Mangunguma sa Panay kag Guimaras or PAMANGGAS narrates that justice remains elusive to the farmers after 33 long years. Their condition only worsened with the intensified attacks against the farmers sector that is being perpetuated by the Duterte regime, they continue.

In their statement, they also discussed the worsening condition of the economy which continues to burden farmers due to TRAIN Law and the Rice Liberalization Law that were implemented by the Duterte administration who continue to cater to the needs of oligarchs and land grabbers such as Villar.

PAMANGGAS adds that attacks on human rights have continued to intensify with the policies that Duterte has implemented such as M.O 32, E.O 70, and Martial Law in Mindanao. Over 243 farmers have been slain under the Duterte administration, while redtagging and illegal arrests of leader-activists of peasant organizations become rampant.

PAMANGGAS adds that said attacks by the state have not weakened their organization but only added to their determination to forward their rights and call for genuine land reform.

Farmers call for justice for all victims of the state, the passage of genuine agrarian reform, and the resumption of peace talks between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the National Democratic Front of the Philippines.

According to the group, the government must take seriously the call for the resumption of peace talks so as to address the root cause of the armed conflict by forwarding genuine agrarian reform, national industrialization, and other socio-economic needs of the people./PT


ILOILO CITY — Members of the Military and Police who were not in uniform, masked, and did not introduce themselves entered the house of Herman Allesa, a peasant leader in Maasin, last November 10, 2019, 5 o’clock in the morning.

Allesa was a former Barangay Kagawad for 3 terms and Barangay Captain for 1 term in Barangay Bolo, Maasin. He was also a former treasurer of Pamanggas.

The said raid was rooted from the search warrant issued by RTC Branch 31 Assisting Judge Gemalyn Faunillo-Tarol against Allesa, who allegedly owns 45 and 38 arms.

However from the raid, a rusty grenade was found resting in the fireplace of the house.

Allesa strongly denied the grenade and condemned the operation against him.

According to Allesa, this operation is part of the attack against the critics of the administration to threaten and silence them.


Three farmers in Cabatangan, Lambunao were arrested by the Military last November 11 in Sitio Tinagong-Dagat while hunting.

According to the relatives of the victims, they have long been intrigued by the military as supporters of the NPA, and due to the threats of the Military, they cannot freely go to their fields to farm.

The investigation whether or not the three are still in the hands of the Military, is still ongoing.

A proposed tourism project by the LGU of Lambunao will be built in Cabatangan that is why people are being displaced and that militarization in the area intensifies.


Masipag-Visayas strogly condemns the continuous surveillance and illegal entry of the Regional Mobile Group in their backup farm in San Dionisio last October 27 and November 7, 2019.

Police members disguised themselves as buyers of bamboo and in the second time, they were accompanied by their official, Col. Oscar, who was looking for Alias Reagan and alleged that members of the NPA are conducting their meeting in the area.

Farmers of Estancia have also reported that PTL Col. Julius Bolano redtagged the progressive groups and Partylists in an assembly of the Barangay Intelligence Network, to form an anti-insurgency group.

Bolano is the head of the Provincial Drug Enforcement Unit of Capiz PPO.

Pamanggas strongly condemns the intensifying attacks against the farmers and the organizations helping the farmers.

These attacks, according to Pamanggas, must be fought against and opposed through the collective unity of the farmers./